Diet For Diabetes: All You Need To Know About Methi Daana
Methi Daana Atta is one of the most favored flour recommended by diabetes educator at BEATO. The mildly spiced flour has benefits that are unique as well as requites for diabetes diet therapy.
Methi daana is the Hindi name for seeds of the fenugreek plant. It is widely used in flavoring Asian Indian curries as well as dry vegetable preparations and pickles. The bitter yet appreciated punch that methi seeds add to a meal is much sort for in every Indian kitchen. The seeds of this herb plant have gained much acknowledgement by diet experts for the nutrition benefits these provide.
The seeds of fenugreek/methi contain:
- Folic acid
- Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin C
Diabetes educators at BEATO recommend the seeds of fenugreek/methi to be soaked in a glass of water overnight and to be chewed as well as swallowed next day early morning. This is because of scientific theory that the amino acid 4-hydroxy isoleucine in the seeds assist in reducing the rate of glucose absorption in the intestines which ultimately lowers blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes. Moreover, the known rich content of polysaccharides: saponins, hemicellulose, mucilage, tannin as well as pectin also helps lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels by limiting bile salts from absorbing into the colon and binding to toxins so they can be flushed out from the body.
It is important to note that methi seeds/fenugreek seeds should not be given to pregnant women with gestational diabetes because of its possible uterine contractions property.
Research that supports therapeutic effect of Fenugreek/methi seeds:
- A study conducted by Sharma RD, Raghuram TC, Rao NS indicated that 100 grams of defatted powdered fenugreek seeds which is divided in two equal doses have possible positive results in type 1 diabetes. (European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1990; 44:301-306).
- Fenugreek seed powder in capsule form containing 2.5 grams consumed twice daily for three months have been used to treat type 2 diabetes according to research by Sharma RD, Sarkar A, Hazra D (Nutrition Research 1996;16:1331-1339).
As a cautionary advice use of fenugreek/methi seeds along with other hypoglycemic agents may possibly lower serum glucose levels more than expected hence blood glucose levels should be monitored closely.
Fenugreek leaves are a rich source of Beta-Carotene.
The powder of fenugreek/methi seeds can be added to flour, dals, vegetables, soups, idli, dosa batter as per recommendation of the diabetes educator. Consumption of fresh green methi/fenugreek leaves as a preparation in vegetables, dals, curries and raita is highly recommended by nutritionists at BEATO.
To sum up this article, we can recommend fenugreek/methi seeds for their blood glucose reducing effects by stimulating glucose-dependent insulin secretion from pancreas beta cells. The inhibiting activity of alpha-amylase as well as sucrose (the two intestinal enzymes participating in carbohydrate metabolism) is also seen upon consumption of these seeds.
Content support by Tina Khanna
Certified BeatO Diabetes Educator